Transcriptional Analysis of the Guinea Pig Mucosal Immune Response to Intravaginal Infection with Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2

Ronald L. Veselenak, Gregg Milligan, Aaron L. Miller, Richard Pyles, Nigel Bourne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Genital herpes infection in guinea pigs closely models human infection but tools for immune characterization are limited. Immunity to HSV infection at the vaginal epithelial surface was characterized in guinea pigs using PCR-based array analysis of vaginal swab samples. IFNγ was one of the most significantly upregulated genes throughout the infection and over 40% of genes with significantly altered expression were linked to IFNγ based on INTERFEROME analysis. IFNγ transcripts and biologically active IFNγ at the genital mucosa were confirmed by RTPCR and IFNγ reporter cells. Gene ontology analysis revealed activation of many biological processes related to genital immunity shared by humans and mice demonstrating the similarities of the local immune response to primary genital HSV-2 infection in guinea pigs and other established models. This transcription-based array will be useful for dissection of immunity during reactivation from latency, an infection outcome that is not well recapitulated by other animal models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
StatePublished - May 1 2018



  • gene expression
  • guinea pig
  • HSV-2
  • IFNγ
  • immune response
  • microarray
  • vaginal mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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