Receptors to glutamate of the AMPA type (AMPARs) serve as the major gates of excitation in the human brain, where they participate in fundamental processes underlying perception, cognition and movement. Due to their central role in brain function, dysregulation of these receptors has been implicated in neuropathological states associated with a large variety of diseases that manifest with abnormal behaviors. The participation of functional abnormalities of AMPARs in brain disorders is strongly supported by genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic studies. Most of these studies have focused on the expression and function of the subunits that make up the channel and define AMPARs (GRIA1-GRIA4), as well of some accessory proteins. However, it is increasingly evident that native AMPARs are composed of a complex array of accessory proteins that regulate their trafficking, localization, kinetics and pharmacology, and a better understanding of the diversity and regional expression of these accessory proteins is largely needed. In this review we will provide an update on the state of current knowledge of AMPA receptors subunits in the context of their accessory proteins at the transcriptome level. We also summarize the regional expression in the human brain and its correlation with the channel forming subunits. Finally, we discuss some of the current limitations of transcriptomic analysis and propose potential ways to overcome them.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jun 11 2021|
- Accessory proteins
- Gene expression
- Glutamate receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas