Transcriptomic expression of AMPA receptor subunits and their auxiliary proteins in the human brain

Kevin Shen, Agenor Limon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Receptors to glutamate of the AMPA type (AMPARs) serve as the major gates of excitation in the human brain, where they participate in fundamental processes underlying perception, cognition and movement. Due to their central role in brain function, dysregulation of these receptors has been implicated in neuropathological states associated with a large variety of diseases that manifest with abnormal behaviors. The participation of functional abnormalities of AMPARs in brain disorders is strongly supported by genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic studies. Most of these studies have focused on the expression and function of the subunits that make up the channel and define AMPARs (GRIA1-GRIA4), as well of some accessory proteins. However, it is increasingly evident that native AMPARs are composed of a complex array of accessory proteins that regulate their trafficking, localization, kinetics and pharmacology, and a better understanding of the diversity and regional expression of these accessory proteins is largely needed. In this review we will provide an update on the state of current knowledge of AMPA receptors subunits in the context of their accessory proteins at the transcriptome level. We also summarize the regional expression in the human brain and its correlation with the channel forming subunits. Finally, we discuss some of the current limitations of transcriptomic analysis and propose potential ways to overcome them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135938
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume755
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2021

Keywords

  • AMPA
  • Accessory proteins
  • Gene expression
  • Glutamate receptors
  • Transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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