Translesion synthesis past acrolein-derived DNA adduct, γ-hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine, by yeast and human DNA polymerase η

Irina G. Minko, M. Todd Washington, Manorama Kanuri, Louise Prakash, Satya Prakash, R. Stephen Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

γ-Hydroxy-1,N2-propano-2′deoxyguanosine (γ-HOPdG) is a major deoxyguanosine adduct derived from acrolein, a known mutagen. In vitro, this adduct has previously been shown to pose a severe block to translesion synthesis by a number of polymerases (pol). Here we show that both yeast and human pol η can incorporate a C opposite γ-HOPdG at ∼190- and ∼100-fold lower efficiency relative to the control deoxyguanosine and extend from a C paired with the adduct at ∼8- and -19-fold lower efficiency. Although DNA synthesis past γ-HOPdG by yeast pol η was relatively accurate, the human enzyme misincorporated nucleotides opposite the lesion with frequencies of ∼10-1 to 10-2. Because γ-HOPdG can adopt both ring closed and ring opened conformations, comparative replicative bypass studies were also performed with two model adducts, propanodeoxyguanosine and reduced γ-HOPdG. For both yeast and human pol η, the ring open reduced η-HOPdG adduct was less blocking than η-HOPdG, whereas the ring closed propanodeoxyguanosine adduct was a very strong block. Replication of DNAs containing η-HOPdG in wild type and xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells revealed a somewhat decreased mutation frequency in xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells. Collectively, the data suggest that pol η might potentially contribute to both error-free and mutagenic bypass of γ-HOPdG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-790
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2003

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Acrolein
DNA Adducts
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Yeast
Deoxyguanosine
Yeasts
DNA
Mutagens
Mutation Rate
DNA Replication
Conformations
Nucleotides
Enzymes
Variant type Xeroderma pigmentosum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Translesion synthesis past acrolein-derived DNA adduct, γ-hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine, by yeast and human DNA polymerase η. / Minko, Irina G.; Washington, M. Todd; Kanuri, Manorama; Prakash, Louise; Prakash, Satya; Lloyd, R. Stephen.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 278, No. 2, 10.01.2003, p. 784-790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Translesion synthesis past acrolein-derived DNA adduct, γ-hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine, by yeast and human DNA polymerase η

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AU - Lloyd, R. Stephen

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