Transmission of a venezuelan equine encephalitis complex alphavirus by Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northeastern Peru

Stephen P. Yanoviak, Patricia Aguilar, L. Philip Lounibos, Scott Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) complex alphaviruses are serious health threats in the Americas and regularly infect humans living in or near Amazonian rain forests. As part of a larger surveillance program, we placed six hamster-baited mosquito traps in a disturbed white sand forest of northeastern Peru for 3 d. Virus isolations from hamster serum and trapped mosquito pools demonstrated that a VEE subtype IIIC alphavirus was transmitted to a hamster by the mosquito Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos Sallum, Hutchings & Ferreira. This species, like the other seven proven VEE complex alphavirus vectors, is a member of the Spissipes section of this subgenus. The composition of mosquitoes collected at the site over the sampling period was typical for the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-408
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume42
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2005

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Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitides
Alphavirus
Culex
Peru
encephalitis
Culicidae
Diptera
hamsters
Cricetinae
horses
rain forests
traps
sand
Viruses
viruses
monitoring
Health
Serum

Keywords

  • Alphavirus
  • Arbovirus
  • Encephalitis
  • Transmission
  • Vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Transmission of a venezuelan equine encephalitis complex alphavirus by Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos (Diptera : Culicidae) in Northeastern Peru. / Yanoviak, Stephen P.; Aguilar, Patricia; Lounibos, L. Philip; Weaver, Scott.

In: Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 05.2005, p. 404-408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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