Transmission of a venezuelan equine encephalitis complex alphavirus by Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northeastern Peru

Stephen P. Yanoviak, Patricia V. Aguilar, L. Philip Lounibos, Scott C. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) complex alphaviruses are serious health threats in the Americas and regularly infect humans living in or near Amazonian rain forests. As part of a larger surveillance program, we placed six hamster-baited mosquito traps in a disturbed white sand forest of northeastern Peru for 3 d. Virus isolations from hamster serum and trapped mosquito pools demonstrated that a VEE subtype IIIC alphavirus was transmitted to a hamster by the mosquito Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos Sallum, Hutchings & Ferreira. This species, like the other seven proven VEE complex alphavirus vectors, is a member of the Spissipes section of this subgenus. The composition of mosquitoes collected at the site over the sampling period was typical for the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-408
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of medical entomology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2005



  • Alphavirus
  • Arbovirus
  • Encephalitis
  • Transmission
  • Vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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