Trauma and trichotillomania

A tenuous relationship

David Houghton, Abel S. Mathew, Michael P. Twohig, Stephen M. Saunders, Martin E. Franklin, Scott N. Compton, Angela M. Neal-Barnett, Douglas W. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Some have argued that hair pulling in trichotillomania (TTM) is triggered by traumatic events, but reliable evidence linking trauma to TTM is limited. However, research has shown that hair pulling is associated with emotion regulation, suggesting a connection between negative affect and TTM. We investigated the associations between trauma, negative affect, and hair pulling in a cross-sectional sample of treatment seeking adults with TTM (N=85). In the current study, participants’ self-reported traumatic experiences were assessed during a structured clinical interview, and participants completed several measures of hair pulling severity, global TTM severity, depression, anxiety, experiential avoidance, and quality of life. Those who experienced trauma had more depressive symptoms, increased experiential avoidance, and greater global TTM severity. Although the presence of a trauma history was not related to the severity of hair pulling symptoms in the past week, depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between traumatic experiences and global TTM severity. These findings cast doubt on the notion that TTM is directly linked to trauma, but suggest that trauma leads to negative affect that individuals cope with through hair pulling. Implications for the conceptualization and treatment of TTM are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-95
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trichotillomania
Hair
Wounds and Injuries
Depression
Emotions
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Interviews

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Depression
  • Emotion regulation
  • Hair pulling
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Houghton, D., Mathew, A. S., Twohig, M. P., Saunders, S. M., Franklin, M. E., Compton, S. N., ... Woods, D. W. (2016). Trauma and trichotillomania: A tenuous relationship. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 11, 91-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2016.09.003

Trauma and trichotillomania : A tenuous relationship. / Houghton, David; Mathew, Abel S.; Twohig, Michael P.; Saunders, Stephen M.; Franklin, Martin E.; Compton, Scott N.; Neal-Barnett, Angela M.; Woods, Douglas W.

In: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Vol. 11, 01.10.2016, p. 91-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Houghton, D, Mathew, AS, Twohig, MP, Saunders, SM, Franklin, ME, Compton, SN, Neal-Barnett, AM & Woods, DW 2016, 'Trauma and trichotillomania: A tenuous relationship', Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, vol. 11, pp. 91-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2016.09.003
Houghton, David ; Mathew, Abel S. ; Twohig, Michael P. ; Saunders, Stephen M. ; Franklin, Martin E. ; Compton, Scott N. ; Neal-Barnett, Angela M. ; Woods, Douglas W. / Trauma and trichotillomania : A tenuous relationship. In: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. 2016 ; Vol. 11. pp. 91-95.
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