Treatment of burns in children

David Herndon, P. B. Thompson, M. H. Desai, T. J. Van Osten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Discussed in this article are emergency management of the victim, fluid resuscitation, energy requirements, albumin and blood replacement, prevention of infection, biologic dressings, burn wound excision, and treatment of inhalation injury. Decreases in mortality from major thermal injury over the last 20 years have been due to advances in resuscitation, control of infection, support of the hypermetabolic response, and early closure of the burn wound. Of these advances in burn care, early wound closure has progressed the most in the last five years. The restoration of the protective functions of the skin is of primary importance to the recovery of the burn patient. Biologic dressings (pigskin, amnion, human skin allograft) when applied to fully debrided, relatively uncontaminated wounds have been shown to adhere to the wound surface, reduce the wound colony counts, limit fluid and protein loss, reduce pain, and increase the rate of epithelialization over that obtained with application of topical antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1311-1332
Number of pages22
JournalPediatric Clinics of North America
Volume32
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1985

Fingerprint

Burns
Wounds and Injuries
Biological Dressings
Therapeutics
Resuscitation
Skin
Amnion
Infection Control
Anti-Infective Agents
Inhalation
Allografts
Albumins
Emergencies
Hot Temperature
Pain
Mortality
Infection
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Herndon, D., Thompson, P. B., Desai, M. H., & Van Osten, T. J. (1985). Treatment of burns in children. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 32(5), 1311-1332.

Treatment of burns in children. / Herndon, David; Thompson, P. B.; Desai, M. H.; Van Osten, T. J.

In: Pediatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 32, No. 5, 1985, p. 1311-1332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herndon, D, Thompson, PB, Desai, MH & Van Osten, TJ 1985, 'Treatment of burns in children', Pediatric Clinics of North America, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1311-1332.
Herndon D, Thompson PB, Desai MH, Van Osten TJ. Treatment of burns in children. Pediatric Clinics of North America. 1985;32(5):1311-1332.
Herndon, David ; Thompson, P. B. ; Desai, M. H. ; Van Osten, T. J. / Treatment of burns in children. In: Pediatric Clinics of North America. 1985 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 1311-1332.
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