Treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism reverses ischemia and prevents myocyte loss and progressive LV dysfunction in hamsters with dilated cardiomyopathy

Wissam I. Khalife, Yi Da Tang, James A. Kuzman, Tracy A. Thomas, Brent E. Anderson, Suleman Said, Patricia Tille, Evelyn H. Schlenker, A. Martin Gerdes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that thyroid dysfunction may contribute to progression of cardiac disease to heart failure. We investigated the effects of a therapeutic dose of thyroid hormones (TH) on cardiomyopathic (CM) hamsters from 4 to 6 mo of age. CM hamsters had subclinical hypothyroidism (normal thyroxine, elevated TSH). Left ventricular (LV) function was determined by echocardiography and hemodynamics. Whole tissue pathology and isolated myocyte size and number were assessed. TH treatment prevented the decline in heart rate and rate of LV pressure increase and improved LV ejection fraction. The percentage of fibrosis/necrosis in untreated 4-mo-old CM (4CM; 15.5 ± 2.2%) and 6-mo-old CM (6CM; 21.5 ± 2.4%) hamsters was pronounced and was reversed in treated CM (TCM; 11.9 ± 0.9%) hamsters. Total ventricular myocyte number was the same between 4- and 6-mo-old controls but was reduced by 30% in 4CM and 43% in 6CM hamsters. TH treatment completely prevented further loss of myocytes in TCM hamsters. Compared with age-matched controls, resting and maximum coronary blood flow was impaired in 4CM and 6CM hamsters. Blood flow was completely normalized by TH treatment. We conclude that TH treatment of CM hamsters with subclinical hypothyroidism normalized impaired coronary blood flow, which prevented the decline in LV function and loss of myocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2409-H2415
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume289
Issue number6 58-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Fibrosis
  • Remodeling
  • Thyroid hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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