Most fatalities from fires are not due to burns, but are a result of inhalation of toxic gases produced during combustion. Fire produces a complex toxic environment, involving flame, heat, oxygen depletion, smoke and toxic gases such as carbon monoxide and cyanide. As a wide variety of synthetic materials is used in buildings, such as insulation, furniture, carpeting, electric wiring covering as well as decorative items, the potential for poisoning from inhalation of products of combustion is continuously increasing. The present review describes the pathophysiologic effects from smoke inhalation injury as well as strategies for emergency treatment on scene and in the intensive care setting.
- Inhalation injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine