Trends and Outcomes of Primary, Rescue, and Adjunct Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Chronic Subdural Hematomas

Anna M. Nia, Visish M. Srinivasan, Farhan Siddiq, Ajith Thomas, Jan Karl Burkhardt, Rishi R. Lall, Peter Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Middle meningeal artery embolization (MMAE) is an effective minimally invasive treatment for chronic subdural hematomas (cSDHs). The authors investigated outcomes of primary, adjunct, and rescue MMAE and primary surgery for the treatment of cSDH using a large-scale national database. Methods: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent MMAE and/or surgery to treat cSDH was performed using the TriNetX Analytics Network. Primary MMAE was compared with adjunct and rescue MMAE and primary surgery. Primary outcomes included headache, facial weakness, mortality, and treatment failure, within 6 months. Results: A total of 4274 patients with cSDH met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 209 (4.9%) were treated with primary MMAE, 4050 (94.8%) were treated with primary surgery, 15 (0.35%) were treated using MMAE as an adjunct therapy, and 18 (0.42%) were treated using MMAE as a rescue following a failed surgical intervention. There were no significant differences in headache, facial weakness, and mortality between the groups. Patients who underwent primary MMAE had a significantly higher Charlson comorbidity index (P < 0.0001) than those who underwent primary surgery. The need for surgical rescue was not significantly different between primary MMAE, adjunct MMAE, and rescue MMAE (P > 0.05). Additionally, patients with primary surgery had significantly higher treatment failure than those with primary MMAE (odds ratio = 2.11, 95% confidence interval = 1.11–4.01, P = 0.020). Conclusions: This analysis suggests no significant difference in the need for surgical rescue, complication, or mortality between primary MMAE, adjunct MMAE, and rescue MMAE. Additionally, primary MMAE is associated with a significantly lower need for surgical rescue than primary surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e568-e573
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Adjunct MMA embolization
  • Chronic subdural hematoma
  • MMA embolization of cSDH
  • Middle meningeal artery
  • Refractory subdural hematoma
  • Rescue MMA embolization
  • cSDH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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