Trimester-specific thromboelastic values and coagulation activation markers in pregnancy compared across trimesters and compared to the nonpregnant state

Amir A. Shamshirsaz, Karin A. Fox, Hadi Erfani, Karen Bruzdoski, Vadim Kostousov, Steven L. Clark, Lisa Hensch, Shiu Ki Hui, Jun Teruya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) rapidly identifies deficits underlying coagulopathy during massive hemorrhage. Prompt coagulopathy correction is balanced with the risk of blood product overutilization, making the ability to quickly target therapy highly desirable. However, data about ROTEM reference ranges in pregnancy are limited. We hypothesized that ROTEM parameters change across trimesters of pregnancy and differ from the nonpregnant state. Also, we sought to identify which hemostatic test best predicts coagulation activation during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cohort study in healthy pregnant patients in the first (n = 34), second (n = 34), and third trimesters (n = 41) against healthy, nonpregnant controls (n = 33) was performed. Citrated blood was collected, and ROTEM, complete blood count, and plasma-based assays of coagulation were performed. Mean ± SD or median [IQR] were compared across trimesters and between each trimester against the nonpregnant state. ROTEM parameters vs. plasma-based assays were also compared. Results: Maximum clot firmness and A10 in FIBTEM correlated strongly with fibrinogen level. INTEM and EXTEM values demonstrated only weak to modest correlation with corresponding tests using plasma assays. Thrombin antithrombin complex (TAT) increased from the first trimester onward, whereas other coagulation activation markers did not show difference compared with control group. Conclusion: Rotational thromboelastometry parameters differ variably across trimesters of pregnancy and compared with the nonpregnant state. The development and use of pregnancy-specific values are critical to the proper clinical interpretation of ROTEM in women with serious hemorrhage during different stages in pregnancy. TAT was the earliest laboratory marker for coagulation activation among others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1216-1224
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • D-dimer
  • TAT
  • antithrombin
  • factor XIII
  • fibrin monomer test
  • pregnancy
  • thrombin antithrombin complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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