Ultrasound-enhanced drug delivery for efficient cancer therapy

I. V. Larina, B. M. Evers, C. Bartels, T. V. Ashitkov, K. V. Larin, R. O. Esenaliev

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor penetration of anti-cancer drugs through tumor vasculature and cancer cell membrane as well as slow diffusion of the drugs in the interstitium limit efficacy of cancer chemo- and biotherapy. Recently we proposed to use ultrasound-induced cavitation (formation, growth, and collapse of microbubbles) to enhance anti-cancer drug delivery through these barriers. Cavitation can be selectively induced in tumors by using interaction of ultrasound with nanoparticles that lower cavitation threshold and can be accumulated in tumors. In this paper, we measured cavitation threshold in water suspensions of polymer (polystyrene) nanoparticles and studied efficacy of cancer therapy in nude mice with the use of this technique. Experiments were performed at different irradiation conditions and concentration and size of nanoparticles. In vivo studies were conducted in nude mice bearing human colon (KM20) tumors at optimum conditions found in the experiments in water suspensions. Our studies demonstrated that: (1) polystyrene nanoparticles decrease cavitation threshold in water; and (2) application of this drug delivery technique substantially improve the efficacy of cancer therapy in nude mice when ultrasound was used in combination with polymer nanoparticle injections. Our results suggest that the ultrasound-induced cavitation enhances drug delivery in tumors and may provide efficient cancer chemo- and biotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-493
Number of pages2
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
EventProceedings of the 2002 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 24th Annual Conference and the 2002 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES / EMBS) - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 26 2002

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Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Nanoparticle
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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