The proper folding of many proteins can only be achieved by interaction with molecular chaperones. The molecular chaperone UNC-45B is required for the folding of striated muscle myosin II. However, the precise mechanism by which it contributes to proper folding of the myosin head remains unclear. UNC-45B contains three domains: an N-terminal TPR domain known to bind Hsp90, a Central domain of unknown function, and a C-terminal UCS domain known to interact with the myosin head. Here we used fluorescence titrations methods, dynamic light scattering, and single-molecule atomic force microscopy (AFM) unfolding/refolding techniques to study the interactions of the UCS and Central domains with the myosin motor domain. We found that both the UCS and the Central domains bind to the myosin motor domain. Our data show that the domains bind to distinct subsites on the myosin head, suggesting distinct roles in forming the myosin-UNC-45B complex. To determine the chaperone activity of the UCS and Central domains, we used two different methods: 1), prevention of misfolding using single-molecule AFM, and 2), prevention of aggregation using dynamic light scattering. Using the first method, we found that the UCS domain is sufficient to prevent misfolding of a titin mechanical reporter. Application of the second method showed that the UCS domain but not the Central domain prevents the thermal aggregation of the myosin motor domain. We conclude that while both the UCS and the Central domains bind the myosin head with high affinity, only the UCS domain displays chaperone activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas