University students presenting for psychiatric emergency services: Socio-demographic and clinical factors related to service utilization and suicide risk

Victor Hong, Danielle R. Busby, Stefaney O’Chel, Cheryl A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Given increases in mental health utilization among college and university students, this study examines clinical and socio-demographic characteristics in students presenting to psychiatric emergency services. Participants: University students (N = 725; Mage = 22 years, SD = 4.0; 67% White) visiting psychiatric emergency services at a large academic health system between July 1, 2012 and June 30, 2016. Methods: A retrospective review of students’ electronic medical records, which included responses to the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, was conducted. Results: Levels of suicide risk varied by students’ self-identified race. Nonwhite students were more likely to endorse a suicide attempt in the past week and less likely to be taking psychiatric medications than White students. International students were more likely to report a lifetime history of multiple attempts. Conclusions: Disparities related to college student psychiatric emergencies warrant specific attention to specific racial/ethnic groups and international students to reduce and manage mental health crises.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-782
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • College mental health
  • emergency department
  • international students
  • mental health disparities
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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