Chronic cerebrospinal insufficiency, venous thoracic outlet syndrome, and superior vena cava syndrome are disease processes that are considered pathology of the deep upper venous system. The incidence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management are discussed in this chapter.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Phlebology, Vein Surgery and Ultrasonography|
|Subtitle of host publication||Diagnosis and Management of Venous Disease|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas