Studies have been carried out using an XAD-4 resin and ion-exchange chromatography for determination of urinary purines and nucleosides in seven children with severe combined immunodeficiency and in six normal children. These studies have included analyses for five methylated purines or nucleosides produced by catabolism of nucleic acids. The following compounds have been quantitatively determined: 1-methyladenosine, 1-methylinosine, 1-methylguanosine, 1-methylguanine, 3-methylcytidine, adenosine, methylthioadenosine sulfoxide, cytidine, and deoxycytidine. 1-Methyladenosine and 1-methylinosine were most consistently elevated in the urine of immunodeficient children. Methylthioadenosine sulfoxide was very markedly increased in urine of two of the immunodeficient children while more moderate increases were noted with a number of other nucleosides. The germ-free child with severe combined immunodeficiency showed consistently lower excretion levels of these compounds when compared to normal children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas