Use of a new polyclonal antibody to study the distribution and glycosylation of the sodium-coupled bicarbonate transporter NCBE in rodent brain

L. M. Chen, M. L. Kelly, J. D. Rojas, M. D. Parker, H. S. Gill, B. A. Davis, W. F. Boron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

NCBE (SLC4A10) is a member of the SLC4 family of bicarbonate transporters, several of which play important roles in intracellular-pH regulation and transepithelial HCO3- transport. Here we characterize a new antibody that was generated in rabbit against a fusion protein consisting of maltose-binding protein and the first 135 amino acids (aa) of the N-terminus of human NCBE. Western blotting-both of purified peptides representing the initial ∼120 aa of the transporters and of full-length transporters expressed in Xenopus oocytes-demonstrated that the antibody is specific for NCBE versus the two most closely related proteins, NDCBE (SLC4A8) and NBCn1 (SLC4A7). Western blotting of tissue in four regions of adult mouse brain indicates that NCBE is expressed most abundantly in cerebral cortex (CX), cerebellum (CB) and hippocampus (HC), and less so in subcortex (SCX). NCBE protein was present in CX, CB, and HC microdissected to avoid choroid plexus. Immunocytochemistry shows that NCBE is present at the basolateral membrane of embryonic day 18 (E18) fetal and adult choroid plexus. NCBE protein is present by Western blot and immunocytochemistry in cultured and freshly dissociated HC neurons but not astrocytes. By Western blot, nearly all NCBE in mouse and rat brain is highly N-glycosylated (∼150 kDa). PNGase F reduces the molecular weight (MW) of natural NCBE in mouse brain or human NCBE expressed in oocytes to approximately the predicted MW of the unglycosylated protein. In oocytes, mutating any one of the three consensus N-glycosylation sites reduces glycosylation of the other two, and the triple mutant exhibits negligible functional expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-385
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 24 2008

Keywords

  • CNS
  • brain
  • glycosylation
  • oocytes
  • slc4a10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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