Use of FITC-labeled influenza virus and flow cytometry to assess binding and internalization of virus by monocytes-macrophages and lymphocytes

Joan Nichols, D. J. Mock, N. J. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The binding of influenza virus to the surface of cells and the internalization of virus particles by all or a subset of cells are key points in the pathogenesis of viral infection. The current studies established a method for discrimination of surface-bound from internalized influenza virus. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was attached to the viral hemagglutinin and neuraminidase proteins; the fluorescent virus retained infectivity. A flow cytometric technique was then adapted for study of virus-cell interactions, with addition of ethidium bromide to quench green fluorescence associated with FITC-labeled virus that was cell-bound but remained external. Ethidium bromide was excluded by intact cell membranes, and internalized virions retained green fluorescence. Cells could be examined by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry, with flow cytometry allowing rapid, kinetic assessment of large numbers of cells and subsets of virus-exposed cells. The data showed that, whereas a majority of both monocytes-macrophages and lymphocytes bound influenza virus, a large percentage of monocytes-macrophages but only a very small percentage of lymphocytes internalized the virus. This procedure provides a simple and effective method to distinguish surface-bound from internalized influenza virus, and allows precise kinetic analyses on large numbers of cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-455
Number of pages15
JournalArchives of Virology
Volume130
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Virus Attachment
Virus Internalization
Orthomyxoviridae
Fluorescein
Monocytes
Flow Cytometry
Macrophages
Lymphocytes
Viruses
Ethidium
Virion
Viral Hemagglutinins
Cell Count
Fluorescence
Neuraminidase
Virus Diseases
Fluorescence Microscopy
Cell Communication
Cell Membrane
isothiocyanic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Use of FITC-labeled influenza virus and flow cytometry to assess binding and internalization of virus by monocytes-macrophages and lymphocytes. / Nichols, Joan; Mock, D. J.; Roberts, N. J.

In: Archives of Virology, Vol. 130, No. 3-4, 09.1993, p. 441-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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