Using complementary and alternative medicine curricular elements to foster medical student self-awareness

Willam Elder, David Rakel, Margaret Heitkemper, Carol Hustedde, Nancy Harazduk, Susie Gerik, Aviad Haramati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To determine the value that the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)-funded Education Project leaders placed on self-awareness objectives among their curricular activities, to identify projects' rationales for inclusion of self-awareness activities, and to describe curricular elements used to teach self-awareness. METHOD: A survey was distributed to the NCCAM Education Project grantees in October 2006. Survey items sought to identify project directors' perceived importance of self-awareness activities in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) curricula, rationales for inclusion of self-awareness activities, and activities to foster self-awareness. Invited reports described in more depth the specific activities in three of the projects. RESULTS: Fourteen of 15 reporting NCCAM educational projects rated activities to promote self-awareness as highly or very highly valued components, and all projects incorporated numerous strategies to enhance self-awareness. Learning objectives ranged from basic knowledge about mind-body relationships and psychoneuroimmunology, to evidence and indications for mind-body interventions, to training in self-application, to training for intervention with patients. Specific strategies that increase students' self-awareness included evidence-based CAM activities to help students recognize personal biases that may impair critical thinking; personal health experiences to expand definition of health beliefs; and mind-body medicine skills groups to personally integrate the use of mind-body techniques for wellness and stress management. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating some of these CAM curricular activities, didactically or experientially, may be a unique way to foster student self-awareness and personal growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-955
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Using complementary and alternative medicine curricular elements to foster medical student self-awareness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this