Using systematic reviews in clinical education

Robert G. Badgett, Mary O'Keefe, Mark C. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional educational methods change clinical practice only with considerable effort and difficulty. In particular, the teaching of critical appraisal in the setting of journal clubs does not increase the amount of medical research read by trainees. Experiential learning theory, corroborated by the success of problem-based learning, encourages us to link learning to the numerous medical questions that physicians generate while providing patient care. Systematic reviews can link these questions with the results of research that would otherwise be difficult to locate, read, and appraise. Systematic reviews are a uniquely powerful mechanism for teaching, and they offer teachers a new opportunity to model rational and effective use of information. Systematic reviews should be made available at clinical sites for use during 'teachable moments'. Resistance to the use of systematic reviews can be reduced by using existing journal clubs to teach about the strengths and limitations of these reviews. The point that systematic reviews are meant to assist, not replace, clinical decision making deserves emphasis in such teaching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-891
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume126
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Teaching
Problem-Based Learning
Education
Biomedical Research
Patient Care
Learning
Physicians
Research
Clinical Decision-Making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Badgett, R. G., O'Keefe, M., & Henderson, M. C. (1997). Using systematic reviews in clinical education. Annals of Internal Medicine, 126(11), 886-891.

Using systematic reviews in clinical education. / Badgett, Robert G.; O'Keefe, Mary; Henderson, Mark C.

In: Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 126, No. 11, 01.06.1997, p. 886-891.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Badgett, RG, O'Keefe, M & Henderson, MC 1997, 'Using systematic reviews in clinical education', Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 126, no. 11, pp. 886-891.
Badgett RG, O'Keefe M, Henderson MC. Using systematic reviews in clinical education. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1997 Jun 1;126(11):886-891.
Badgett, Robert G. ; O'Keefe, Mary ; Henderson, Mark C. / Using systematic reviews in clinical education. In: Annals of Internal Medicine. 1997 ; Vol. 126, No. 11. pp. 886-891.
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