Bone marrow examination (BME) has been used as a diagnostic test of last resort in HIV infected patients. Identifying factors that would increase the diagnostic yield of BME would be useful. A retrospective cohort study was done to determine the predictive value of BME for disseminated infection in 133 patients with HIV infection in a 4-year period at an active HIV clinical center. Thirty-two percent of the cases had evidence of a disseminated infection on BME but only 10% of cases had a diagnosis made exclusively by BME. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that s positive result was more likely in those patients with fewer than 50 CD4 cells/mm3 and those with a hematocrit of less than 25% (P < 0.01). BME can be a useful, low-risk diagnostic procedure in selected patients with HIV infection who are ill with a low CD4 count and/or have a hematocrit less than 25%. A diagnosis can usually be made by other means, suggesting that this test should be limited to those in whom other diagnostic modalities have been exhausted.
|Number of pages
|American Journal of Hematology
|Published - Sep 1997
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