Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples: The Hispanic EPESE Study

Donald R. Royall, David V. Espino, Marsha J. Polk, Regina Verdeja, Sandra Vale, Hector Gonzales, Raymond R. Palmer, Kyriakos Markides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Clock drawing tests (CDT) appear to be less vulnerable to linguistic, cultural, or educational bias than traditional dementia screening instruments. We investigated a Spanish language translation of CLOX: an executive CDT, in a community sample of Hispanic elders. Methods: In-home CLOX evaluations of 1309 Mexican-American elders were reviewed. Results: Both CLOX1 (an executive CDT) and CLOX2 (a constructional CDT) showed good internal consistency (Chronbach's alpha; both α = 0.82). Cultural-demographic variables had little effect on CLOX scores. Although language had a significant effect on CLOX1 failure rates, this was not mediated by age, education, acculturation or income. Conclusions: These results suggest that the Spanish CLOX can be validly administered to community-based Hispanic elder samples regardless of education or acculturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

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Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Language
Education
Linguistics
Dementia
Demography

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Mental status testing
  • Mexican-American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples : The Hispanic EPESE Study. / Royall, Donald R.; Espino, David V.; Polk, Marsha J.; Verdeja, Regina; Vale, Sandra; Gonzales, Hector; Palmer, Raymond R.; Markides, Kyriakos.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.02.2003, p. 135-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Royall, Donald R. ; Espino, David V. ; Polk, Marsha J. ; Verdeja, Regina ; Vale, Sandra ; Gonzales, Hector ; Palmer, Raymond R. ; Markides, Kyriakos. / Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples : The Hispanic EPESE Study. In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 135-141.
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