Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples

The Hispanic EPESE Study

Donald R. Royall, David V. Espino, Marsha J. Polk, Regina Verdeja, Sandra Vale, Hector Gonzales, Raymond R. Palmer, Kyriakos Markides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Clock drawing tests (CDT) appear to be less vulnerable to linguistic, cultural, or educational bias than traditional dementia screening instruments. We investigated a Spanish language translation of CLOX: an executive CDT, in a community sample of Hispanic elders. Methods: In-home CLOX evaluations of 1309 Mexican-American elders were reviewed. Results: Both CLOX1 (an executive CDT) and CLOX2 (a constructional CDT) showed good internal consistency (Chronbach's alpha; both α = 0.82). Cultural-demographic variables had little effect on CLOX scores. Although language had a significant effect on CLOX1 failure rates, this was not mediated by age, education, acculturation or income. Conclusions: These results suggest that the Spanish CLOX can be validly administered to community-based Hispanic elder samples regardless of education or acculturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Language
Education
Linguistics
Dementia
Demography

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Mental status testing
  • Mexican-American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples : The Hispanic EPESE Study. / Royall, Donald R.; Espino, David V.; Polk, Marsha J.; Verdeja, Regina; Vale, Sandra; Gonzales, Hector; Palmer, Raymond R.; Markides, Kyriakos.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.02.2003, p. 135-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Royall, Donald R. ; Espino, David V. ; Polk, Marsha J. ; Verdeja, Regina ; Vale, Sandra ; Gonzales, Hector ; Palmer, Raymond R. ; Markides, Kyriakos. / Validation of a Spanish translation of the CLOX for use in Hispanic samples : The Hispanic EPESE Study. In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 135-141.
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