Variation in Functional Status after Hip Fracture: Facility and Regional Influence on Mobility and Self-Care

Srinivas Teppala, Kenneth Ottenbacher, Karl Eschbach, Amit Kumar, Soham Al Snih al snih, Winston J. Chan, Timothy Reistetter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Recent reports show substantial geographic variation in postacute health care spending. Little is known about variation in functional outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture. We examined variation in mobility and self-care after hip fracture rehabilitation across inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), hospital referral regions (HRRs) and states. Methods Retrospective cohort study using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from 2006 to 2009. Study sample included 149,258 records from patients 66 years and older at 1,166 IRFs located within 292 HRRs and across 50 states. Hip fracture cases were defined by CMS impairment group codes (08.11, 08.12). Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to assess discharge mobility and self-care functional status, adjusting for individual patient characteristics and the random effect of IRFs, HRRs, and states. Results Variation in discharge mobility status as assessed by the intraclass correlation percentage (ICC%) was 8.8% across IRFs, 4.0% across HRRs, and 1.8% across states. For self-care, the ICCs were 10.2% across IRFs, 4.8% across HRRs, and 2.4% across states. The range of discharge mobility scores (maximum functional status rating to minimum functional status rating) showed a 9.6-point difference for IRFs, 6.5 for regions, and 2.6 for states. Range of discharge self-care scores were 13.1 for IRFs, 6.8 for HRRs, and 3.4 for states. Conclusion Variation in functional status following postacute hip fracture rehabilitation appears to occur primarily at the level of facilities rather than geographic location.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1376-1382
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
    Volume72
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Hip Fractures
    Self Care
    Rehabilitation
    Inpatients
    Referral and Consultation
    Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.)
    Subacute Care
    Geographic Locations
    Linear Models
    Cohort Studies
    Retrospective Studies
    Delivery of Health Care

    Keywords

    • Functional status
    • Hip fracture
    • Postacute
    • Quality of care
    • Rehabilitation
    • Variation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aging
    • Geriatrics and Gerontology

    Cite this

    Variation in Functional Status after Hip Fracture : Facility and Regional Influence on Mobility and Self-Care. / Teppala, Srinivas; Ottenbacher, Kenneth; Eschbach, Karl; Kumar, Amit; Al Snih al snih, Soham; Chan, Winston J.; Reistetter, Timothy.

    In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 72, No. 10, 01.10.2017, p. 1376-1382.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "Background Recent reports show substantial geographic variation in postacute health care spending. Little is known about variation in functional outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture. We examined variation in mobility and self-care after hip fracture rehabilitation across inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), hospital referral regions (HRRs) and states. Methods Retrospective cohort study using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from 2006 to 2009. Study sample included 149,258 records from patients 66 years and older at 1,166 IRFs located within 292 HRRs and across 50 states. Hip fracture cases were defined by CMS impairment group codes (08.11, 08.12). Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to assess discharge mobility and self-care functional status, adjusting for individual patient characteristics and the random effect of IRFs, HRRs, and states. Results Variation in discharge mobility status as assessed by the intraclass correlation percentage (ICC{\%}) was 8.8{\%} across IRFs, 4.0{\%} across HRRs, and 1.8{\%} across states. For self-care, the ICCs were 10.2{\%} across IRFs, 4.8{\%} across HRRs, and 2.4{\%} across states. The range of discharge mobility scores (maximum functional status rating to minimum functional status rating) showed a 9.6-point difference for IRFs, 6.5 for regions, and 2.6 for states. Range of discharge self-care scores were 13.1 for IRFs, 6.8 for HRRs, and 3.4 for states. Conclusion Variation in functional status following postacute hip fracture rehabilitation appears to occur primarily at the level of facilities rather than geographic location.",
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    author = "Srinivas Teppala and Kenneth Ottenbacher and Karl Eschbach and Amit Kumar and {Al Snih al snih}, Soham and Chan, {Winston J.} and Timothy Reistetter",
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    T1 - Variation in Functional Status after Hip Fracture

    T2 - Facility and Regional Influence on Mobility and Self-Care

    AU - Teppala, Srinivas

    AU - Ottenbacher, Kenneth

    AU - Eschbach, Karl

    AU - Kumar, Amit

    AU - Al Snih al snih, Soham

    AU - Chan, Winston J.

    AU - Reistetter, Timothy

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    N2 - Background Recent reports show substantial geographic variation in postacute health care spending. Little is known about variation in functional outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture. We examined variation in mobility and self-care after hip fracture rehabilitation across inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), hospital referral regions (HRRs) and states. Methods Retrospective cohort study using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from 2006 to 2009. Study sample included 149,258 records from patients 66 years and older at 1,166 IRFs located within 292 HRRs and across 50 states. Hip fracture cases were defined by CMS impairment group codes (08.11, 08.12). Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to assess discharge mobility and self-care functional status, adjusting for individual patient characteristics and the random effect of IRFs, HRRs, and states. Results Variation in discharge mobility status as assessed by the intraclass correlation percentage (ICC%) was 8.8% across IRFs, 4.0% across HRRs, and 1.8% across states. For self-care, the ICCs were 10.2% across IRFs, 4.8% across HRRs, and 2.4% across states. The range of discharge mobility scores (maximum functional status rating to minimum functional status rating) showed a 9.6-point difference for IRFs, 6.5 for regions, and 2.6 for states. Range of discharge self-care scores were 13.1 for IRFs, 6.8 for HRRs, and 3.4 for states. Conclusion Variation in functional status following postacute hip fracture rehabilitation appears to occur primarily at the level of facilities rather than geographic location.

    AB - Background Recent reports show substantial geographic variation in postacute health care spending. Little is known about variation in functional outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture. We examined variation in mobility and self-care after hip fracture rehabilitation across inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), hospital referral regions (HRRs) and states. Methods Retrospective cohort study using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from 2006 to 2009. Study sample included 149,258 records from patients 66 years and older at 1,166 IRFs located within 292 HRRs and across 50 states. Hip fracture cases were defined by CMS impairment group codes (08.11, 08.12). Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to assess discharge mobility and self-care functional status, adjusting for individual patient characteristics and the random effect of IRFs, HRRs, and states. Results Variation in discharge mobility status as assessed by the intraclass correlation percentage (ICC%) was 8.8% across IRFs, 4.0% across HRRs, and 1.8% across states. For self-care, the ICCs were 10.2% across IRFs, 4.8% across HRRs, and 2.4% across states. The range of discharge mobility scores (maximum functional status rating to minimum functional status rating) showed a 9.6-point difference for IRFs, 6.5 for regions, and 2.6 for states. Range of discharge self-care scores were 13.1 for IRFs, 6.8 for HRRs, and 3.4 for states. Conclusion Variation in functional status following postacute hip fracture rehabilitation appears to occur primarily at the level of facilities rather than geographic location.

    KW - Functional status

    KW - Hip fracture

    KW - Postacute

    KW - Quality of care

    KW - Rehabilitation

    KW - Variation

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    U2 - 10.1093/gerona/glw249

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