Vector competence of Eastern and Western forms of Psorophora columbiae (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes for enzootic and epizootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus

Abelardo C. Moncayo, Gregory Lanzaro, Wenli Kang, Arnoldo Orozco, Armando Ulloa, Juan Arredondo-Jiménez, Scott Weaver

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Abstract

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) continues to circulate enzootically in Mexico with the potential to re-emerge and cause disease in equines and humans in North America. We infected two geographically distinct mosquito populations of eastern Psorophora columbiae form columbiae (Chiapas, Mexico and Texas, United States) and one mosquito population of western Psorophora columbiae form toltecum (California, United States) with epizootic and enzootic IE VEEV and epizootic IAB VEEV. We detected no differences between epizootic and enzootic IE viruses in their ability to infect any of the mosquito populations analyzed, which suggested that neither species selects for epizootic IE viruses. Psorophora columbiae f. columbiae (Texas) were significantly less susceptible to infection by epizootic IE than Ps. columbiae f. columbiae (Mexico). Psorophora columbiae f. toltecum populations were more susceptible than Ps. columbiae f. columbiae populations to epizootic IE and IAB viruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume78
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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