Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010

A. Paige Adams, Roberto Navarro-Lopez, Francisco J. Ramirez-Aguilar, Irene Lopez-Gonzalez, Grace Leal, Jose M. Flores-Mayorga, Amelia P A Travassos da Rosa, Kali D. Saxton-Shaw, Amber J. Singh, Erin M. Borland, Ann M. Powers, Robert B. Tesh, Scott Weaver, Jose G. Estrada-Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) has been the causative agent for sporadic epidemics and equine epizootics throughout the Americas since the 1930s. In 1969, an outbreak of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) spread rapidly from Guatemala and through the Gulf Coast region of Mexico, reaching Texas in 1971. Since this outbreak, there have been very few studies to determine the northward extent of endemic VEEV in this region. This study reports the findings of serologic surveillance in the Gulf Coast region of Mexico from 2003-2010. Phylogenetic analysis was also performed on viral isolates from this region to determine whether there have been substantial genetic changes in VEEV since the 1960s. Based on the findings of this study, the Gulf Coast lineage of subtype IE VEEV continues to actively circulate in this region of Mexico and appears to be responsible for infection of humans and animals throughout this region, including the northern State of Tamaulipas, which borders Texas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1875
JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

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Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses
Mexico
Disease Outbreaks
Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitides
Guatemala
Horses
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Adams, A. P., Navarro-Lopez, R., Ramirez-Aguilar, F. J., Lopez-Gonzalez, I., Leal, G., Flores-Mayorga, J. M., ... Estrada-Franco, J. G. (2012). Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6(11), [e1875]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001875

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010. / Adams, A. Paige; Navarro-Lopez, Roberto; Ramirez-Aguilar, Francisco J.; Lopez-Gonzalez, Irene; Leal, Grace; Flores-Mayorga, Jose M.; Travassos da Rosa, Amelia P A; Saxton-Shaw, Kali D.; Singh, Amber J.; Borland, Erin M.; Powers, Ann M.; Tesh, Robert B.; Weaver, Scott; Estrada-Franco, Jose G.

In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Vol. 6, No. 11, e1875, 11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adams, AP, Navarro-Lopez, R, Ramirez-Aguilar, FJ, Lopez-Gonzalez, I, Leal, G, Flores-Mayorga, JM, Travassos da Rosa, APA, Saxton-Shaw, KD, Singh, AJ, Borland, EM, Powers, AM, Tesh, RB, Weaver, S & Estrada-Franco, JG 2012, 'Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010', PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 6, no. 11, e1875. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001875
Adams AP, Navarro-Lopez R, Ramirez-Aguilar FJ, Lopez-Gonzalez I, Leal G, Flores-Mayorga JM et al. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2012 Nov;6(11). e1875. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001875
Adams, A. Paige ; Navarro-Lopez, Roberto ; Ramirez-Aguilar, Francisco J. ; Lopez-Gonzalez, Irene ; Leal, Grace ; Flores-Mayorga, Jose M. ; Travassos da Rosa, Amelia P A ; Saxton-Shaw, Kali D. ; Singh, Amber J. ; Borland, Erin M. ; Powers, Ann M. ; Tesh, Robert B. ; Weaver, Scott ; Estrada-Franco, Jose G. / Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003-2010. In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2012 ; Vol. 6, No. 11.
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