Ventricular ectopic activity with diuretic therapy

O. Bryan Holland, Lavon Kuhnert, Jeanne Pollard, Marci Padia, Ron J. Anderson, Gunnar Blomqvist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The arrhythmogenic potential of diuretic-induced hypokalemia in patients with uncomplicated hypertension has been controversial Thirty-two hypertensive patients with previous diuretic-induced hypokalemia, normal 24-hour ambulatory ECG monitoring, and normal exercise testing were treated with 100 mg hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) daily (Group 1) to induce hypokalemia or with a combination of HCTZ with amiloride (Group 2) to attempt to maintain plasma potassium levels in the normal range during diuretic therapy. Those Group 1 patients (Group 1A) with increased ventricular ectopic activity (VEA) during HCTZ therapy were subsequently potassium-repleted with amiloride and with supplemen-tal potassium chloride to evaluate the effect of these treatments on VEA. One Group 1 patient died suddenly after 12 days of HCTZ therapy. Autopsy findings suggested an arrhythmic death. Six Group 1 patients who had increased VEA with HCTZ treatment had reductions in VEA with amiloride or supplemental potassium chloride. Group 2 patients did not have a significant increase in VEA. Thus, diuretic therapy appears to cause VEA primarily by electrolyte changes that are induced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-385
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1988

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Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Diuretic therapy
  • Hypokalemia
  • Ventricular ectopic activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Holland, O. B., Kuhnert, L., Pollard, J., Padia, M., Anderson, R. J., & Blomqvist, G. (1988). Ventricular ectopic activity with diuretic therapy. American journal of hypertension, 1(4), 380-385. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/1.4.380