Ventricular tachycardia in nonischemic cardiomyopathy: Anteroseptal vs inferolateral origin based on ICD ventricular electrogram timing

Santhisri Kodali, Yasuhiro Shirai, Daniele Muser, David J. Callans, Francis E. Marchlinski, Pasquale Santangeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The majority of patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) present a perivalvular substrate that is either predominantly antero-septal (AS) or infero-lateral (IL), corresponding to specific ventricular tachycardia (VT) morphologies. The relative timing of far-field and near-field ventricular electrograms (EGMs) from stored implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) events of VT may be used to distinguish AS from IL VT in NICM. Methods and Results: We analyzed 48 patients with NICM with either a primarily AS (54%) or IL (56%) VT source undergoing catheter ablation between 2003 and 2018. Only patients with retrievable ICD-EGMs of spontaneous VT events which could be matched with VTs induced during the ablation procedure were included. A total of 56 VT events (52% AS origin and 48% IL origin) were analyzed, yielding a mean far-field to near-field interval of 31 ± 13 milliseconds for AS VTs and 47 ± 19 milliseconds for IL VTs (P =.001). At receiver operating characteristic analysis (AUC = 0.734), a far-field to near-field interval of ≥ 60 milliseconds ruled out AS VTs in 29 (100%) cases and diagnosed IL VTs with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 100% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 63%. An interval of ≤ 20 milliseconds ruled out IL VTs in 25 (93%) cases and diagnosed AS VTs with a PPV of 83% and NPV of 57%. Significant overlap between the two groups was observed among far-field to near-field intervals in between 20 milliseconds and 60 milliseconds. Conclusions: The relative timing of far-field and near-field EGMs from stored clinical ICD events of VT can be helpful to differentiate AS vs IL origin of VT in NICM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2334-2343
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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