Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds

Normative and regression analyses

M. A. Short, P. J. Watson, Kenneth Ottenbacher, C. Rogers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Normative data were obtained for 156 pre-school children's performances on measures of muscle tone, muscle co-contraction, standing balance, prone extension posture, flexion supine posture, asymmetrical tonic neck reflex, and postrotatory nystagmus. Regression analysis indicated that these combined variables accounted for only 13.5% of the variance of postrotary nystagmus of 145 4-yr-olds. However, if the data are examined only for children exhibiting nystagmus that is lower than 1 standard deviation below the mean, then these variables account for 50% of the variance of nystagmus. Prone extension posture, standing balance-eyes closed, and muscle tone account for 37% of the variance within this low-nystagmus population. These results are considered in light of the authors' previous studies demonstrating that, in learning-disabled children, vestibular-proprioceptive measures can be used clinically to predict which children will respond to sensory integration therapy with changes in postrotary nystagmus. These changes, according to sensory integration theory, reflect positive responses to therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Pages102-109
Number of pages8
Volume37
Edition2
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Posture
Regression Analysis
Muscles
Disabled Children
Muscle Contraction
Reflex
Neck
Learning
Therapeutics
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Short, M. A., Watson, P. J., Ottenbacher, K., & Rogers, C. (1983). Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds: Normative and regression analyses. In American Journal of Occupational Therapy (2 ed., Vol. 37, pp. 102-109)

Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds : Normative and regression analyses. / Short, M. A.; Watson, P. J.; Ottenbacher, Kenneth; Rogers, C.

American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Vol. 37 2. ed. 1983. p. 102-109.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Short, MA, Watson, PJ, Ottenbacher, K & Rogers, C 1983, Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds: Normative and regression analyses. in American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2 edn, vol. 37, pp. 102-109.
Short MA, Watson PJ, Ottenbacher K, Rogers C. Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds: Normative and regression analyses. In American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2 ed. Vol. 37. 1983. p. 102-109
Short, M. A. ; Watson, P. J. ; Ottenbacher, Kenneth ; Rogers, C. / Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds : Normative and regression analyses. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Vol. 37 2. ed. 1983. pp. 102-109
@inbook{0b118ea6c5d7434f9a2be646191f0dc2,
title = "Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds: Normative and regression analyses",
abstract = "Normative data were obtained for 156 pre-school children's performances on measures of muscle tone, muscle co-contraction, standing balance, prone extension posture, flexion supine posture, asymmetrical tonic neck reflex, and postrotatory nystagmus. Regression analysis indicated that these combined variables accounted for only 13.5{\%} of the variance of postrotary nystagmus of 145 4-yr-olds. However, if the data are examined only for children exhibiting nystagmus that is lower than 1 standard deviation below the mean, then these variables account for 50{\%} of the variance of nystagmus. Prone extension posture, standing balance-eyes closed, and muscle tone account for 37{\%} of the variance within this low-nystagmus population. These results are considered in light of the authors' previous studies demonstrating that, in learning-disabled children, vestibular-proprioceptive measures can be used clinically to predict which children will respond to sensory integration therapy with changes in postrotary nystagmus. These changes, according to sensory integration theory, reflect positive responses to therapy.",
author = "Short, {M. A.} and Watson, {P. J.} and Kenneth Ottenbacher and C. Rogers",
year = "1983",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "102--109",
booktitle = "American Journal of Occupational Therapy",
edition = "2",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Vestibular-proprioceptive functions in 4 year olds

T2 - Normative and regression analyses

AU - Short, M. A.

AU - Watson, P. J.

AU - Ottenbacher, Kenneth

AU - Rogers, C.

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - Normative data were obtained for 156 pre-school children's performances on measures of muscle tone, muscle co-contraction, standing balance, prone extension posture, flexion supine posture, asymmetrical tonic neck reflex, and postrotatory nystagmus. Regression analysis indicated that these combined variables accounted for only 13.5% of the variance of postrotary nystagmus of 145 4-yr-olds. However, if the data are examined only for children exhibiting nystagmus that is lower than 1 standard deviation below the mean, then these variables account for 50% of the variance of nystagmus. Prone extension posture, standing balance-eyes closed, and muscle tone account for 37% of the variance within this low-nystagmus population. These results are considered in light of the authors' previous studies demonstrating that, in learning-disabled children, vestibular-proprioceptive measures can be used clinically to predict which children will respond to sensory integration therapy with changes in postrotary nystagmus. These changes, according to sensory integration theory, reflect positive responses to therapy.

AB - Normative data were obtained for 156 pre-school children's performances on measures of muscle tone, muscle co-contraction, standing balance, prone extension posture, flexion supine posture, asymmetrical tonic neck reflex, and postrotatory nystagmus. Regression analysis indicated that these combined variables accounted for only 13.5% of the variance of postrotary nystagmus of 145 4-yr-olds. However, if the data are examined only for children exhibiting nystagmus that is lower than 1 standard deviation below the mean, then these variables account for 50% of the variance of nystagmus. Prone extension posture, standing balance-eyes closed, and muscle tone account for 37% of the variance within this low-nystagmus population. These results are considered in light of the authors' previous studies demonstrating that, in learning-disabled children, vestibular-proprioceptive measures can be used clinically to predict which children will respond to sensory integration therapy with changes in postrotary nystagmus. These changes, according to sensory integration theory, reflect positive responses to therapy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020536339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020536339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter

VL - 37

SP - 102

EP - 109

BT - American Journal of Occupational Therapy

ER -