Increased side toxicities and development of drug resistance are the major concern for the cancer chemotherapy using synthetic drugs. Therefore, identification of novel natural antioxidants with potential therapeutic efficacies is important. In the present study, we have examined how the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of vialinin A, a p-terphenyl compound derived from Chinese edible mushroom T. terrestris and T. vialis, prevents human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC) neovascularization in vitro and in vivo models. Pretreatment of HUVECs with vialinin A prevents vascular endothelial growth factor-(VEGF) induced HUVEC cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. Further, vialinin A also inhibits VEGF-induced migration as well as tube formation of HUVECs. Treatment of HUVECs prevents VEGF-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and also inhibits VEGF-induced NF-κB nuclear translocation as well as DNA-binding activity. The VEGF-induced release of various angiogenic cytokines and chemokines in HUVECs was also significantly blunted by vialinin A. Most importantly, in a mouse model of Matrigel plug assay, vialinin A prevents the formation of new blood vessels and the expression of CD31 and vWF. Thus, our results indicate a novel role of vialinin A in the prevention of neovascularization and suggest that anticancer effects of vialinin A could be mediated through its potent antioxidant and antiangiogenic properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology