Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity—a Randomized Study with 949 Participants

Felix Nickel, Christian Tapking, Laura Benner, Svenja Schüler, Gregor B. Ottawa, Katja Krug, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Lars Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a rising social and economic burden. Patients with obesity often suffer from stigmatization and discrimination. Underrecognition of obesity as a disease could be a contributing factor. The present study aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity with other chronic diseases and to evaluate the recognition of need of professional treatment. Methods: Nine hundred and forty-nine participants (subgroups: general population, patients with obesity, nurses in training, nurses, medical students, physicians) were randomized to video teaching on obesity and control. Questionnaires on the burden and influence of obesity on daily life compared to other chronic diseases and the fat phobia scale (FPS) were answered. Results: Burden of obesity was rated low (4.2 ± 1.3; rank 9 of 11) compared to other diseases. Bowel cancer (5.5 ± 0.9) had the highest and caries the lowest (2.7 ± 1.4) estimated impact. Females (p = 0.011) and older people (p < 0.001) rated burden of obesity high whereas general population (p < 0.001) and control (p < 0.001) rated it low. Females (p = 0.001) and people with higher BMI (p = 0.004) rated the influence of obesity on daily life high; the general population (p < 0.001; reference physicians) and the control group (p < 0.001) rated it low. FPS was lowest in patients with obesity (3.2 ± 0.7) and highest in the general population (3.6 ± 0.4) and medical students (3.6 ± 0.5; p < 0.001; compared to physicians). Conclusions: Obesity is underestimated as a disease compared to other chronic diseases and attitudes towards obesity are rather negative in comparison. Video teaching showed positive effects so a focus in medical education and public campaigns should aim to improve prevention and treatment of obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalObesity Surgery
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Teaching
Obesity
Chronic Disease
Phobic Disorders
Physicians
Medical Students
Population
Fats
Nurses
Stereotyping
Medical Education
Colonic Neoplasms
Economics
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Chronic diseases
  • Discrimination
  • Fat phobia scale
  • Obesity
  • Stigmatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity—a Randomized Study with 949 Participants. / Nickel, Felix; Tapking, Christian; Benner, Laura; Schüler, Svenja; Ottawa, Gregor B.; Krug, Katja; Müller-Stich, Beat P.; Fischer, Lars.

In: Obesity Surgery, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nickel, Felix ; Tapking, Christian ; Benner, Laura ; Schüler, Svenja ; Ottawa, Gregor B. ; Krug, Katja ; Müller-Stich, Beat P. ; Fischer, Lars. / Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity—a Randomized Study with 949 Participants. In: Obesity Surgery. 2019.
@article{283bc3373ca047789ff46db42ce6d331,
title = "Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity—a Randomized Study with 949 Participants",
abstract = "Background: Obesity is a rising social and economic burden. Patients with obesity often suffer from stigmatization and discrimination. Underrecognition of obesity as a disease could be a contributing factor. The present study aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity with other chronic diseases and to evaluate the recognition of need of professional treatment. Methods: Nine hundred and forty-nine participants (subgroups: general population, patients with obesity, nurses in training, nurses, medical students, physicians) were randomized to video teaching on obesity and control. Questionnaires on the burden and influence of obesity on daily life compared to other chronic diseases and the fat phobia scale (FPS) were answered. Results: Burden of obesity was rated low (4.2 ± 1.3; rank 9 of 11) compared to other diseases. Bowel cancer (5.5 ± 0.9) had the highest and caries the lowest (2.7 ± 1.4) estimated impact. Females (p = 0.011) and older people (p < 0.001) rated burden of obesity high whereas general population (p < 0.001) and control (p < 0.001) rated it low. Females (p = 0.001) and people with higher BMI (p = 0.004) rated the influence of obesity on daily life high; the general population (p < 0.001; reference physicians) and the control group (p < 0.001) rated it low. FPS was lowest in patients with obesity (3.2 ± 0.7) and highest in the general population (3.6 ± 0.4) and medical students (3.6 ± 0.5; p < 0.001; compared to physicians). Conclusions: Obesity is underestimated as a disease compared to other chronic diseases and attitudes towards obesity are rather negative in comparison. Video teaching showed positive effects so a focus in medical education and public campaigns should aim to improve prevention and treatment of obesity.",
keywords = "Burden of disease, Chronic diseases, Discrimination, Fat phobia scale, Obesity, Stigmatization",
author = "Felix Nickel and Christian Tapking and Laura Benner and Svenja Sch{\"u}ler and Ottawa, {Gregor B.} and Katja Krug and M{\"u}ller-Stich, {Beat P.} and Lars Fischer",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11695-019-03804-9",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Obesity Surgery",
issn = "0960-8923",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity—a Randomized Study with 949 Participants

AU - Nickel, Felix

AU - Tapking, Christian

AU - Benner, Laura

AU - Schüler, Svenja

AU - Ottawa, Gregor B.

AU - Krug, Katja

AU - Müller-Stich, Beat P.

AU - Fischer, Lars

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Obesity is a rising social and economic burden. Patients with obesity often suffer from stigmatization and discrimination. Underrecognition of obesity as a disease could be a contributing factor. The present study aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity with other chronic diseases and to evaluate the recognition of need of professional treatment. Methods: Nine hundred and forty-nine participants (subgroups: general population, patients with obesity, nurses in training, nurses, medical students, physicians) were randomized to video teaching on obesity and control. Questionnaires on the burden and influence of obesity on daily life compared to other chronic diseases and the fat phobia scale (FPS) were answered. Results: Burden of obesity was rated low (4.2 ± 1.3; rank 9 of 11) compared to other diseases. Bowel cancer (5.5 ± 0.9) had the highest and caries the lowest (2.7 ± 1.4) estimated impact. Females (p = 0.011) and older people (p < 0.001) rated burden of obesity high whereas general population (p < 0.001) and control (p < 0.001) rated it low. Females (p = 0.001) and people with higher BMI (p = 0.004) rated the influence of obesity on daily life high; the general population (p < 0.001; reference physicians) and the control group (p < 0.001) rated it low. FPS was lowest in patients with obesity (3.2 ± 0.7) and highest in the general population (3.6 ± 0.4) and medical students (3.6 ± 0.5; p < 0.001; compared to physicians). Conclusions: Obesity is underestimated as a disease compared to other chronic diseases and attitudes towards obesity are rather negative in comparison. Video teaching showed positive effects so a focus in medical education and public campaigns should aim to improve prevention and treatment of obesity.

AB - Background: Obesity is a rising social and economic burden. Patients with obesity often suffer from stigmatization and discrimination. Underrecognition of obesity as a disease could be a contributing factor. The present study aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity with other chronic diseases and to evaluate the recognition of need of professional treatment. Methods: Nine hundred and forty-nine participants (subgroups: general population, patients with obesity, nurses in training, nurses, medical students, physicians) were randomized to video teaching on obesity and control. Questionnaires on the burden and influence of obesity on daily life compared to other chronic diseases and the fat phobia scale (FPS) were answered. Results: Burden of obesity was rated low (4.2 ± 1.3; rank 9 of 11) compared to other diseases. Bowel cancer (5.5 ± 0.9) had the highest and caries the lowest (2.7 ± 1.4) estimated impact. Females (p = 0.011) and older people (p < 0.001) rated burden of obesity high whereas general population (p < 0.001) and control (p < 0.001) rated it low. Females (p = 0.001) and people with higher BMI (p = 0.004) rated the influence of obesity on daily life high; the general population (p < 0.001; reference physicians) and the control group (p < 0.001) rated it low. FPS was lowest in patients with obesity (3.2 ± 0.7) and highest in the general population (3.6 ± 0.4) and medical students (3.6 ± 0.5; p < 0.001; compared to physicians). Conclusions: Obesity is underestimated as a disease compared to other chronic diseases and attitudes towards obesity are rather negative in comparison. Video teaching showed positive effects so a focus in medical education and public campaigns should aim to improve prevention and treatment of obesity.

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Chronic diseases

KW - Discrimination

KW - Fat phobia scale

KW - Obesity

KW - Stigmatization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062695466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062695466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11695-019-03804-9

DO - 10.1007/s11695-019-03804-9

M3 - Article

JO - Obesity Surgery

JF - Obesity Surgery

SN - 0960-8923

ER -