Viral replicon particles protect IFNAR−/ mice against lethal Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus challenge three days after vaccination

Jessica R. Spengler, Stephen R. Welch, Florine E.M. Scholte, Sergio E. Rodriguez, Jessica R. Harmon, Jo Ann D. Coleman-McCray, Stuart T. Nichol, Joel M. Montgomery, Éric Bergeron, Christina F. Spiropoulou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) causes mild to severe and fatal disease in humans. Person-to-person transmission is common, necessitating the availability of rapidly deliverable therapeutic and prophylactic interventions to mitigate CCHFV spread. Previously, we showed complete protection using one dose of a viral replicon particle (VRP) vaccine administered 28 days before CCHFV challenge. In order to determine the utility of the VRP vaccine for rapid vaccination protocols, we assessed the efficacy of such vaccination administered at various intervals relative to challenge in IFNAR−/ mice. Unvaccinated mice uniformly succumbed to disease by 8 days post infection (dpi). All mice vaccinated 14, 7, or 3 days prior to CCHFV challenge survived infection. Mice vaccinated −14 or −7 dpi were fully protected from clinical disease, whereas mice inoculated −3 dpi developed signs of disease prior to recovering to baseline values 5–9 dpi. These data support the utility of the VRP vaccine for modified short course vaccination protocols to protect against disease and severe outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105090
JournalAntiviral research
Volume191
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
  • IFNAR mice
  • Vaccine
  • Viral replicon particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Virology

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