Infection during pregnancy triggers inflammation, which can increase myometrial contractions and the risk of premature labor and delivery. In this study, we assessed the effects of vitamin D, an anti-inflammatory ligand on cytokines, chemokines, toll-like receptors, and contractile-associated proteins on immortalized human myometrial smooth muscle (UtSM) cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a bacterial endotoxin, or interleukin (IL)-1β and measured Toll-like receptor (TLR)-10 expression in pregnant myometrial tissues. A superarray analysis revealed downregulation of the chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)-10, CXCL-11, and chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand (CX3CL)-1; the proinflammatory cytokines IL-13 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α; the TLR-4 and -5 and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-2 and upregulation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, as well as Toll interacting protein (TOLLIP) and TREM-1 in vitamin D-treated UtSM cells. In the presence of LPS, vitamin D caused dose-dependent decreases in the messenger RNA expression of MCP-1, IL-1β, IL-13, TNF-α, TLR-4, and TLR-5, the contractile-associated proteins connexin 43, the oxytocin receptor, and the prostaglandin receptor but caused increases in IL-10 and TLR-10 in UtSM cells. The TLR-10 expression was higher in human myometrial tissue obtained from women at term not in labor compared to labor. Vitamin D also attenuated IL-1β-induced MCP-1, IL-6, connexin 43, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and prostaglandin receptor expression. Western analysis showed that vitamin D decreased MCP-1, TLR-4, and connexin 43 in the presence of LPS and decreased connexin 43 in the presence of IL-1β. Our results suggest that vitamin D can potentially decrease infection-induced increases in cytokines and contractile-associated proteins in the myometrium.
- UtSM cells
- contractile-associated proteins
- myometrial smooth muscle cells
- toll-like receptors
- vitamin D
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology