The aims of this study were to determine the sphenoid sinus volume in an Austrian population, evaluate the relationship between volume and different types of pneumatization and investigate possible age-related sphenoid sinus volume degeneration in the elderly. A total of 50 human cadaver including 25 male and 25 female samples (=100 sphenoid sinuses, age range 65-100, mean age 84.52 ± 9.50) were selected to obtain volume and anatomical variants of pneumatization by using sphenoid sinus casts, made of quadrofunctional hydrophilic addition reaction silicone. The mean sphenoid sinus volume was 4.79 ± 2.39 cm. Males showed statistically significant larger sinus volumes than females (P = 0.048). The volume differed statistically significant for the different types of pneumatization (P < 0.001). The combined type of sphenoid sinus pneumatization presented the largest volume with 7.20 cm, followed by lateral, clival, sphenoid body, presellar, and conchal sinus type with 5.72, 5.63, 4.25, 2.08, and 0.5 cm, respectively. No significant correlation between age and sphenoid sinus volume was found (P = 0.707). This study highlights the close relationship between volume and morphology of sphenoid sinus and confirms ethnic variability. Moreover, our data shows no age-related volume degeneration.
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