Vulnerability of street-involved children and youth in semi-rural Kenya

does orphan status matter?

Sarah Seidel, James Chang, Gitene Moses Mwongera, Stanley Gitari, Michael Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The vulnerability of street-involved children and youth (SICY) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to adverse childhood events is well documented. Associations between orphanhood and multiple types of vulnerability have also been demonstrated. Whether type of orphanhood is associated with adverse events experienced during childhood or is predictive of psychosocial health is still unclear. Maua Methodist Hospital conducted a cross-sectional survey of 53 semi-rural SICY. Multiple indicators of vulnerability, including educational attainment, income, food security, adverse childhood events and psychosocial health (resilience, self-esteem, depression and self-efficacy), were analysed to determine differences between orphan status groups. Though not statistically significant, paternal and double orphans reported several factors that suggested greater vulnerability to adverse experiences and outcomes on the streets. Maternal and double orphans reported significantly more adverse childhood experiences than paternal orphans, suggesting survival of the mother may be a protective factor. Double orphans had significantly higher depression scores than each of the other orphan groups. Within a rescue and rehabilitation program, children who have lost both parents may need extra psychological support and intervention. Paternal and double orphans still living on the street may face greater obstacles to escaping street life and are a high priority for both prevention and intervention programming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalVulnerable Children and Youth Studies
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 18 2017

Fingerprint

Homeless Youth
Orphaned Children
orphan
Kenya
vulnerability
childhood
event
Mothers
Depression
children's program
status group
Food Supply
Africa South of the Sahara
Health
Self Efficacy
health
Self Concept
resilience
self-esteem
self-efficacy

Keywords

  • adversechildhood events
  • orphanhood
  • orphans andvulnerable children
  • psychosocial well-being
  • Street-involved children and youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Vulnerability of street-involved children and youth in semi-rural Kenya : does orphan status matter? / Seidel, Sarah; Chang, James; Mwongera, Gitene Moses; Gitari, Stanley; Goodman, Michael.

In: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 18.03.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{13f14b2196254f40a26b5446375ec396,
title = "Vulnerability of street-involved children and youth in semi-rural Kenya: does orphan status matter?",
abstract = "The vulnerability of street-involved children and youth (SICY) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to adverse childhood events is well documented. Associations between orphanhood and multiple types of vulnerability have also been demonstrated. Whether type of orphanhood is associated with adverse events experienced during childhood or is predictive of psychosocial health is still unclear. Maua Methodist Hospital conducted a cross-sectional survey of 53 semi-rural SICY. Multiple indicators of vulnerability, including educational attainment, income, food security, adverse childhood events and psychosocial health (resilience, self-esteem, depression and self-efficacy), were analysed to determine differences between orphan status groups. Though not statistically significant, paternal and double orphans reported several factors that suggested greater vulnerability to adverse experiences and outcomes on the streets. Maternal and double orphans reported significantly more adverse childhood experiences than paternal orphans, suggesting survival of the mother may be a protective factor. Double orphans had significantly higher depression scores than each of the other orphan groups. Within a rescue and rehabilitation program, children who have lost both parents may need extra psychological support and intervention. Paternal and double orphans still living on the street may face greater obstacles to escaping street life and are a high priority for both prevention and intervention programming.",
keywords = "adversechildhood events, orphanhood, orphans andvulnerable children, psychosocial well-being, Street-involved children and youth",
author = "Sarah Seidel and James Chang and Mwongera, {Gitene Moses} and Stanley Gitari and Michael Goodman",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1080/17450128.2017.1300722",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies",
issn = "1745-0136",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vulnerability of street-involved children and youth in semi-rural Kenya

T2 - does orphan status matter?

AU - Seidel, Sarah

AU - Chang, James

AU - Mwongera, Gitene Moses

AU - Gitari, Stanley

AU - Goodman, Michael

PY - 2017/3/18

Y1 - 2017/3/18

N2 - The vulnerability of street-involved children and youth (SICY) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to adverse childhood events is well documented. Associations between orphanhood and multiple types of vulnerability have also been demonstrated. Whether type of orphanhood is associated with adverse events experienced during childhood or is predictive of psychosocial health is still unclear. Maua Methodist Hospital conducted a cross-sectional survey of 53 semi-rural SICY. Multiple indicators of vulnerability, including educational attainment, income, food security, adverse childhood events and psychosocial health (resilience, self-esteem, depression and self-efficacy), were analysed to determine differences between orphan status groups. Though not statistically significant, paternal and double orphans reported several factors that suggested greater vulnerability to adverse experiences and outcomes on the streets. Maternal and double orphans reported significantly more adverse childhood experiences than paternal orphans, suggesting survival of the mother may be a protective factor. Double orphans had significantly higher depression scores than each of the other orphan groups. Within a rescue and rehabilitation program, children who have lost both parents may need extra psychological support and intervention. Paternal and double orphans still living on the street may face greater obstacles to escaping street life and are a high priority for both prevention and intervention programming.

AB - The vulnerability of street-involved children and youth (SICY) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to adverse childhood events is well documented. Associations between orphanhood and multiple types of vulnerability have also been demonstrated. Whether type of orphanhood is associated with adverse events experienced during childhood or is predictive of psychosocial health is still unclear. Maua Methodist Hospital conducted a cross-sectional survey of 53 semi-rural SICY. Multiple indicators of vulnerability, including educational attainment, income, food security, adverse childhood events and psychosocial health (resilience, self-esteem, depression and self-efficacy), were analysed to determine differences between orphan status groups. Though not statistically significant, paternal and double orphans reported several factors that suggested greater vulnerability to adverse experiences and outcomes on the streets. Maternal and double orphans reported significantly more adverse childhood experiences than paternal orphans, suggesting survival of the mother may be a protective factor. Double orphans had significantly higher depression scores than each of the other orphan groups. Within a rescue and rehabilitation program, children who have lost both parents may need extra psychological support and intervention. Paternal and double orphans still living on the street may face greater obstacles to escaping street life and are a high priority for both prevention and intervention programming.

KW - adversechildhood events

KW - orphanhood

KW - orphans andvulnerable children

KW - psychosocial well-being

KW - Street-involved children and youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015624423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015624423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17450128.2017.1300722

DO - 10.1080/17450128.2017.1300722

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies

JF - Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies

SN - 1745-0136

ER -