West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana

Marion S. Ratterree, Amelia P A Travassos da Rosa, Rudolf P. Bohm, Frank B. Cogswell, Kathrine M. Phillippi, Kevin Caillouet, Shelle Schwanberger, Robert E. Shope, Robert B. Tesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the summer of 2002, an epidemic of West Nile meningoencephalitis occurred in southern Louisiana. Following the outbreak, blood samples were collected from 1,692 captive rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), pigtail macaques (M. nemestrina), and baboons (Papio spp.) that were permanently housed outdoors at a nonhuman primate breeding facility in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. The serum samples were examined for antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV). Overall, 36% of the captive nonhuman primates had WNV antibodies; comparison of these samples with banked serum samples from previous blood collections indicated that the animals were infected subclinically from February to August 2002. WNV activity was demonstrated in surveillance at the nonhuman primate-breeding colony and in the neighboring community during this same period. The high infection rate in this captive nonhuman primate population illustrates the intensity of WNV transmission that can occur silently in nature among other susceptible vertebrates during epidemic periods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1388-1394
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume9
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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West Nile virus
Virus Diseases
Primates
Breeding
Papio
Macaca mulatta
Macaca nemestrina
Meningoencephalitis
Antibodies
Serum
Disease Outbreaks
Vertebrates
Infection
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Ratterree, M. S., Travassos da Rosa, A. P. A., Bohm, R. P., Cogswell, F. B., Phillippi, K. M., Caillouet, K., ... Tesh, R. B. (2003). West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 9(11), 1388-1394.

West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana. / Ratterree, Marion S.; Travassos da Rosa, Amelia P A; Bohm, Rudolf P.; Cogswell, Frank B.; Phillippi, Kathrine M.; Caillouet, Kevin; Schwanberger, Shelle; Shope, Robert E.; Tesh, Robert B.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 9, No. 11, 11.2003, p. 1388-1394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ratterree, MS, Travassos da Rosa, APA, Bohm, RP, Cogswell, FB, Phillippi, KM, Caillouet, K, Schwanberger, S, Shope, RE & Tesh, RB 2003, 'West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 1388-1394.
Ratterree MS, Travassos da Rosa APA, Bohm RP, Cogswell FB, Phillippi KM, Caillouet K et al. West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2003 Nov;9(11):1388-1394.
Ratterree, Marion S. ; Travassos da Rosa, Amelia P A ; Bohm, Rudolf P. ; Cogswell, Frank B. ; Phillippi, Kathrine M. ; Caillouet, Kevin ; Schwanberger, Shelle ; Shope, Robert E. ; Tesh, Robert B. / West Nile Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primate Breeding Colony, Concurrent with Human Epidemic, Southern Louisiana. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2003 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 1388-1394.
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