Sixteen patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer who were treated with cytoreductive surgery followed by multiagent chemotherapy were found to have residual tumor masses less than 2 cm in greatest diameter at reexploration and were treated with whole-abdominal radiation (19-31 Gy). Thirteen patients also received pelvic boosts to a total pelvic dose of 41-53.7 Gy. Radiotherapy was completed in all but 2 patients after treatment delays in 7 patients. Early treatment complications included myelosuppression in 11 patients, diarrhea in 3, and a self-limited small bowel obstruction in one. Delayed complications were severe and included 9 patients with radiation enterocolitis, 8 of whom required intestinal resection or diversion. One additional patient with radiation cystitis required instillation of formalin to control bleeding. Two patients are without evidence of disease 28 and 30 months following radiotherapy, while the remaining 14 patients have recurred after a median progression-free interval of 9 months (range 1-30 months). All patients who recurred failed within the treatment field and died of cancer after a median interval of 19 months following radiotherapy and 9 months after documentation of progression. These data suggest that few patients with persistent ovarian cancer following surgery and chemotherapy will be salvaged with radiotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology