Dyspnea, a term used to describe a multitude of symptoms related to 'an uncomfortable sensation of breathing,' is a common symptom that is very disturbing to patients. To further complicate matters, this sensation has a wide range of causes, has no accurate objective measurement, and is described and experienced differently-patients with the same degree of disease can perceive their symptoms as a mild annoyance or an acute crisis. Given so many pulmonary and cardiac possibilities what is the best way to pinpoint the cause of dyspnea? To facilitate your own work-up of patients with this symptom. The Journal of Respiratory Diseases has asked two pulmonologists to present cases from their own practices in which dyspnea presented a challenge. In this series of 'dyspnea clinics,' Drs Boyars and Bidani present the history, physical examination, initial diagnosis and treatment, follow- up, and outcome of each case. They provide step-by-step assessment that highlights important diagnostic clues and illustrates how objective tests are used to refine and confirm the diagnosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Respiratory Diseases|
|State||Published - Apr 6 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine