Yeast RAD26, a homolog of the human CSB gene, functions independently of nucleotide excision repair and base excision repair in promoting transcription through damaged bases

Sung Keun Lee, Sung Lim Yu, Louise Prakash, Satya Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations


RAD26 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the counterpart of the human Cockayne syndrome group B (CSB) gene. Both RAD26 and CSB act in the preferential repair of UV lesions on the transcribed strand, and in this process, they function together with the components of nucleotide excision repair (NER). Here, we examine the role of RAD26 in the repair of DNA lesions induced upon treatment with the alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). MMS-induced DNA lesions include base damages such as 3-methyl adenine and 7-methyl guanine, and these lesions are removed in yeast by the alternate competing pathways of base excision repair (BER), which is initiated by the action of MAG1-encoded N-methyl purine DNA glycosylase, and NER. Interestingly, a synergistic increase in MMS sensitivity was observed in the rad26Δ strain upon inactivation of NER or BER, indicating that RAD26 promotes the survival of MMS-treated cells by a mechanism that acts independently of either of these repair pathways. The galactose-inducible transcription of the GAL2, GAL7, and GAL10 genes is reduced in MMS-treated rad26Δ cells and also in mag1Δ rad14Δ cells, whereas a very severe reduction in transcription occurs in MMS-treated mag1Δ rad14Δ rad26Δ cells. From these observations, we infer that RAD26 plays a role in promoting transcription by RNA polymerase II through damaged bases. The implications of these observations are discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4383-4389
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2002


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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