Yellow fever in Pará State, Amazon region of Brazil, 1998-1999: Entomologic and epidemiologic findings

Pedro F.C. Vasconcelos, Amélia P.A.T. Rosa, Sueli G. Rodrigues, Elizabeth S.T. Rosa, Hamilton A.O. Monteiro, Ana C.R. Cruz, Vera L.R.S. Barros, Maria R. Souza, Jorge F.S.T. Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yellow fever (YF) is frequently associated with high severity and death rates in the Amazon region of Brazil. During the rainy seasons of 1998 and 1999, 23 (eight deaths) and 34 (eight deaths) human cases of YF were reported, respectively, in different geographic areas of Pará State; most cases were on Marajó Island. Patients were 1 to 46 years of age. Epidemiologic and ecological studies were conducted in Afuá and Breves on Marajó Island; captured insects yielded isolates of 4 and 11 YF strains, respectively, from Haemagogus janthinomys pooled mosquitoes. The cases on Marajó Island in 1999 resulted from lack of vaccination near the focus of the disease and intense migration, which brought many nonimmune people to areas where infected vectors were present. We hypothesize that YF virus remains in an area after an outbreak by vertical transmission among Haemagogus mosquitoes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-569
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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