Zinc, iron and phytic acid levels of some popular foods consumed by rural children in Sri Lanka

Anjani M. Karunaratne, P. H. Amerasinghe, V-M Ramanujam, H. H. Sandstead, P. A J Perera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) deficiencies may prevail in populations dependent on cereal-based diets containing few animal products. The contribution of Zn and Fe from foods of preschool children of a hill country village in Sri Lanka, is discussed as it is known that the presence of phytic acid (PA) in the diet limits bioavailability of micronutrients. The Zn, Fe and PA contents of cereal-based (rice or wheat flour) composite meals (n=12), wheat flour-based products (n=5), pulses used as staples, snacks or accompaniments (n=6) and other miscellaneous accompaniments (n=4) were determined. Additionally, 20 rice and 3 paddy varieties consumed were also analysed. Although the Zn and Fe levels were reasonable in the composite meals, the PA to Zn molar ratios (5-43) were relatively high, in a majority of meals. Composite meals containing wheat flour (refined) had lower PA levels (<6 mg/100 g) in the absence of pulses and scraped coconut, than rice meals. All rice varieties were partially polished but the PA to Zn molar ratios varied. The major contributors of PA appeared to be soy-textured vegetable protein, all types of jak fruit and scraped coconut kernel. Potable water was a poor source of Zn and Fe. These diets could potentially lead to marginal Zn and Fe deficiencies, and dietary diversification and counselling would be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Sri Lanka
Phytic Acid
phytic acid
Zinc
Iron
zinc
iron
Food
meals (menu)
Meals
Flour
wheat flour
Triticum
Cocos
coconuts
Diet
rice
textured vegetable protein
Vegetable Proteins
diet

Keywords

  • Bioavailability
  • Iron
  • Phytic acid
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Zinc, iron and phytic acid levels of some popular foods consumed by rural children in Sri Lanka. / Karunaratne, Anjani M.; Amerasinghe, P. H.; Ramanujam, V-M; Sandstead, H. H.; Perera, P. A J.

In: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Vol. 21, No. 6, 09.2008, p. 481-488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karunaratne, Anjani M. ; Amerasinghe, P. H. ; Ramanujam, V-M ; Sandstead, H. H. ; Perera, P. A J. / Zinc, iron and phytic acid levels of some popular foods consumed by rural children in Sri Lanka. In: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2008 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 481-488.
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